Materials Manufacturing and Processing
Materials processing & Manufacturing is defined as the series of steps or “unit operations” used in the manufacture of raw-materials into finished goods. The operations involve a succession of industrial processes with various mechanical or chemical procedures. Chemical engineering methods are applied in order to modify the cellular structure or molecular properties of materials on a microscopic level. Thermal processes involving heat transfer the addition or reduction of heat are used to alter a range of materials, especially metals. Mechanical operations employ the use of specialized equipment in the transformation of solid matter. While many characterization techniques have been practiced for centuries, such as basic optical microscopy, new techniques and methodologies are constantly emerging. In particular the advent of the electron microscope and Secondary ion mass spectrometry.