Electronics and Photonics Materials

Semiconductors are the vital component of electronic and photonics research which plays an important role in recent life has its usage in devices and circuits. Even though they are not active conductors like metals, they have high motilities at both room and higher temperature by which electric current can travel faster. The current development in the photonic and electronic research that includes areas such as oxide semiconductors, plasmonics, spintronics, 3D integration, multiferroics is due to the advancement in Nanoscale fabrication. Semiconductor is used to fabricate chips for computers, mobiles, electronic device, iPods and GPS. Because of its remarkable optical properties they are also used to make lasers and LEDs, used to fabricate solar cells as it absorbs light and produce current. Silicon is one of the most significant semiconductors. The exploration of organic and hybrid semiconductors are underway.