Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
Biomaterials are those materials which are usually made of multiple components that interact with biological system. Biomaterials are normally used in medical application like drug delivery, therapeutics, and diagnostics to replace a natural function. The most commonly used biomaterials are polymers. All biomaterials meet certain criteria and regulatory requirements before they can be qualified for use in medical applications. Biomaterial Science has a broad scope that covers the fundamental science of biomaterials through to their biomedical applications.
Tissue engineering is an emerging field which involves biology, medicine, and engineering that is likely to revolutionize the ways we improve the health and quality of life for millions of people worldwide by restoring, maintaining, or enhancing tissue and organ function. In other words, tissue engineering is the development of artificial tissue and organ systems. The term regenerative medicine is often used synonymously with tissue engineering, although those involved in regenerative medicine place more emphasis on the use of stem cells to produce tissues.