Characterization and Testing of Materials

Characterization, when used in materials science, refers to the broader and wider process by which a material's structure and properties are checked and measured. It is a fundamental process in the field of materials science, without which no scientific understanding of engineering materials could be as curtained. Spectroscopy refers to the measurement of radiation intensity as a function of wavelength. Microscopy is the technical field of using microscopes to view objects that cannot be seen with the naked eye.   Characterization and testing of material is very important before the usage of materials. Proper testing of material can make the material more flexible and durable. Research indicates the global material testing equipment market generated revenues of $510.8 million in 2011, growing at a marginal rate of 3.1% over the previous year. The market is dominated by the ‘big three’ Tier 1 competitors, namely MTS Systems Corporation, Instron Corporation, and Zwick/Roell, while other participants have performed better regionally, such as Tinus Olsen in North America and Shimadzu Corporation in Asia Pacific.